The 411 On Hypomineralization: Understanding And Treating White Spots Or Streaks On Your Child’s Teeth

Certain conditions may affect the look of your smile, even when following proper oral hygiene habits. Known as hypomineralization, white spots or streaks that develop on the surface of your teeth stem from an overexposure to fluoride. From brushing your teeth and drinking water to consuming supplements, your body may be taking in too much fluoride. Using this guide, you will understand how fluoride can affect your child's smile and learn the best options for removing the unappealing white spots and streaks on the teeth.

The 411 on Hypomineralization

Fluoride is important for protecting the tooth and preventing cavities and decay. Due to its benefits, many dentists recommend a certain amount to young children who are in the early stages of dental development. Unfortunately, too much fluoride can decrease the formation of tooth enamel, resulting in white spots and streaks on your child's teeth. Over time, these white splotches and lines can turn into brown, black, and gray stains.

Treating Hypomineralization

Reducing your child's intake of fluoride is essential for treating hypomineralization. Since your child may swallow some toothpaste while brushing, make sure to put only a pea size amount of the paste on their toothbrush. This will reduce the risk of consuming extra fluoride. Also, do not use mouthwash that contains fluoride, even though you may believe it is a healthier option for your child's smile.

While surprising to hear, 75 percent of a person's intake of fluoride stems from drinking water, soda, and juices. If your household uses tap water for drinking and cooking, have your water tested by a specialist. If your water contains 0.1 to 0.3 mg or more of fluoride, do not drink or use for cooking purposes. This small amount of fluoride will not only affect the color of your child's teeth, but also increase their risk of developing more serious health problems.

In addition, reduce your child's consumption of processed drinks, such as soft drinks and juices. This will decrease their fluoride intake and treat the hypomineralization of their teeth.

If the white spots and streaks are on your child's primary teeth, professional whitening treatments are not necessary. Waiting for these baby teeth to fall out is a better option for young children. However, if the hypomineralization is affecting your child's permanent teeth, visit your dentist for a detailed cleaning and whitening treatment. Combining a reduction in fluoride with cosmetic treatments to remove the white spots and streaks will ensure the teeth do not stain heavily.

As a parent, you will want your child's teeth to be healthy and appealing, but an excessive amount of fluoride can cause serious issues with their smile and underlying health. Using this guide, you will understand your child's hypomineralization and learn the best options for restoring their smile and oral health. Visit for more information.